China OEM Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint

Product Description

Universal Joint
Universal Joint with Cardan Shaft

High-grade alloy steel
Rigidity: HRC48~50
Operating angle: 20
Single, double and assemble pin & block universal joints

These universal joints are made from high-grade alloy steel, and been heat treated for anti-oxidation. The surface rigidity is HRC48~50 and the pin & block is HRC60. We could manufacture single, double and assemble pin & block universal joints on requested.


Welcome to send us your product drawings for quotation.

Small quantity order is acceptable.

We pay attention to your inquriy, and take quotation as our important work.


ZheJiang CHINAMFG Electrical Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd

Contact man: Austin.Wang

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Standard Or Nonstandard: Standard
Shaft Hole: OEM
Torque: OEM
Bore Diameter: OEM
Speed: OEM
Structure: Flexible, Double
US$ 20/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

Request Sample



Customized Request

universal joint

How do you calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint?

Calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves considering various factors such as the joint’s design, material properties, and operating conditions. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The torque capacity of a universal joint is determined by several key parameters:

  1. Maximum Allowable Angle: The maximum allowable angle, often referred to as the “operating angle,” is the maximum angle at which the universal joint can operate without compromising its performance and integrity. It is typically specified by the manufacturer and depends on the joint’s design and construction.
  2. Design Factor: The design factor accounts for safety margins and variations in load conditions. It is a dimensionless factor typically ranging from 1.5 to 2.0, and it is multiplied by the calculated torque to ensure the joint can handle occasional peak loads or unexpected variations.
  3. Material Properties: The material properties of the universal joint’s components, such as the yokes, cross, and bearings, play a crucial role in determining its torque capacity. Factors such as the yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and fatigue strength of the materials are considered in the calculations.
  4. Equivalent Torque: The equivalent torque is the torque value that represents the combined effect of the applied torque and the misalignment angle. It is calculated by multiplying the applied torque by a factor that accounts for the misalignment angle and the joint’s design characteristics. This factor is often provided in manufacturer specifications or can be determined through empirical testing.
  5. Torque Calculation: To calculate the torque capacity of a universal joint, the following formula can be used:
    Torque Capacity = (Equivalent Torque × Design Factor) / Safety Factor

    The safety factor is an additional multiplier applied to ensure a conservative and reliable design. The value of the safety factor depends on the specific application and industry standards but is typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.0.

It is important to note that calculating the torque capacity of a universal joint involves complex engineering considerations, and it is recommended to consult manufacturer specifications, guidelines, or engineering experts with experience in universal joint design for accurate and reliable calculations.

In summary, the torque capacity of a universal joint is calculated by considering the maximum allowable angle, applying a design factor, accounting for material properties, determining the equivalent torque, and applying a safety factor. Proper torque capacity calculations ensure that the universal joint can reliably handle the expected loads and misalignments in its intended application.

universal joint

What materials are commonly used in the construction of universal joints?

Universal joints are constructed using various materials that provide strength, durability, and resistance to wear and fatigue. Here’s a detailed explanation:

The choice of materials for universal joints depends on factors such as the application, load requirements, operating conditions, and cost considerations. Here are some commonly used materials:

  • Steel: Steel is one of the most common materials used in universal joint construction. Alloy steels, such as 4140 or 4340, are often employed due to their high strength, toughness, and resistance to wear and fatigue. Steel universal joints can withstand heavy loads and harsh operating conditions, making them suitable for various industrial applications.
  • Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is chosen for universal joints when corrosion resistance is a critical requirement. Stainless steel alloys, such as 304 or 316, offer excellent resistance to rust, oxidation, and chemical corrosion. These joints are commonly used in applications where exposure to moisture, chemicals, or harsh environments is expected.
  • Cast Iron: Cast iron is occasionally used in universal joints, particularly in older or specialized applications. Cast iron provides good strength and wear resistance, but it is generally heavier and less flexible than steel. It may be used in specific situations where its properties are advantageous, such as in large industrial machinery.
  • Aluminum: Aluminum universal joints are utilized when weight reduction is a priority. Aluminum alloys offer a good balance of strength and lightweight properties. These joints are commonly found in applications where weight savings are crucial, such as aerospace, automotive, or robotics.
  • Bronze: Bronze is sometimes used for bearings or bushings within universal joints. Bronze alloys provide good wear resistance, low friction, and the ability to withstand high temperatures. They are often employed in applications where self-lubricating properties and resistance to galling are required. Bronze bearings can be found in universal joints used in heavy machinery, marine equipment, or agricultural machinery.

It’s worth noting that the specific choice of materials may vary depending on the manufacturer, application requirements, and industry standards. Different combinations of materials may also be used for different components within a universal joint, such as the yokes, crosses, bearings, or seals, to optimize performance and durability.

In summary, universal joints are commonly constructed using materials such as steel, stainless steel, cast iron, aluminum, and bronze. The selection of materials depends on factors like strength, durability, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, weight considerations, and specific application requirements.

universal joint

Are there different types of universal joints available?

Yes, there are different types of universal joints available to suit various applications and requirements. Let’s explore some of the commonly used types:

  • Single Joint (Cardan Joint): The single joint, also known as a Cardan joint, is the most basic and widely used type of universal joint. It consists of two yokes connected by a cross-shaped center piece. The yokes are typically 90 degrees out of phase with each other, allowing for angular displacement and misalignment between shafts. Single joints are commonly used in automotive drivelines and industrial applications.
  • Double Joint: A double joint, also referred to as a double Cardan joint or a constant velocity joint, is an advanced version of the single joint. It consists of two single joints connected in series with an intermediate shaft in between. The use of two joints in series helps to cancel out the velocity fluctuations and reduce vibration caused by the single joint. Double joints are commonly used in automotive applications, especially in front-wheel-drive vehicles, to provide constant velocity power transmission.
  • Tracta Joint: The Tracta joint, also known as a tripod joint or a three-roller joint, is a specialized type of universal joint. It consists of three rollers or balls mounted on a spider-shaped center piece. The rollers are housed in a three-lobed cup, allowing for flexibility and articulation. Tracta joints are commonly used in automotive applications, particularly in front-wheel-drive systems, to accommodate high-speed rotation and transmit torque smoothly.
  • Rzeppa Joint: The Rzeppa joint is another type of constant velocity joint commonly used in automotive applications. It features six balls positioned in grooves on a central sphere. The balls are held in place by an outer housing with an inner race. Rzeppa joints provide smooth power transmission and reduced vibration, making them suitable for applications where constant velocity is required, such as drive axles in vehicles.
  • Thompson Coupling: The Thompson coupling, also known as a tripodal joint, is a specialized type of universal joint. It consists of three interconnected rods with spherical ends. The arrangement allows for flexibility and misalignment compensation. Thompson couplings are often used in applications where high torque transmission is required, such as industrial machinery and power transmission systems.

These are just a few examples of the different types of universal joints available. Each type has its own advantages and is suitable for specific applications based on factors such as torque requirements, speed, angular displacement, and vibration reduction. The selection of the appropriate type of universal joint depends on the specific needs of the application.

China OEM Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint  China OEM Universal Joint U Joint, Steering Universal Joints, Flexible Universal Joint
editor by CX 2024-04-04